The proposed agenda below is in the form of a list of potential questions about banks and banking, which a beginner or progressing banker might ask. This list is based on real questions asked on various occasions, and is therefore “customised” to the real needs of new bankers.
By answering those questions, we will cover all topics that beginner bankers and people wishing to start a banking career need knowledge and skills in, for example the fundamentals of the banking business, particularly in the area of how banks make money, how they are organised and financed, and how regulatory requirements impact banks.
Each of the topics will be covered with illustrations and examples. Cases will be based on real-life documents and websites of top banking institutions.
It is our trainers’ belief that there are no bad questions. Therefore participants are welcome to come up with their own questions at all times during the workshop, and we promise to address them, bearing in mind that the ultimate goal of the programme is to help the participants understand what banks and banking are.
What banking is about
The economics of money and credit. How banks create money through granting loans? What are the key types of bank products and services, and how do they address the needs of different groups of customers? How do banks make profit on those products and services, even if the customers pay nothing? Do banks earn less when interest rates are lower? What are the business and financial goals of a bank, and how are they measured? What are the differences between commercial, investment, savings and mortgage banks?
Bank assets, liabilities and equity
What are the assets of a bank, and what is the role that each of them plays in the functioning of a bank? What are the gains and costs associated with each group of bank assets? Why does the structure of assets differ across the bank industry?
How does a bank secure the funding for its operations? What are the pros and cons of different funding sources, and why do banks tend to pay more for long-term deposits? Why do different banks finance their operations from different sources? What is the difference between funding and liquidity?
What is the importance of a bank’s equity in relation to the bank’s functioning? How is a bank’s equity management different from other, non-financial companies?
Banking is a risky business
What are the key risk types associated with banking activities: credit risk, liquidity risk, market risk and operational risk? Where do those risks originate from, how do they interact with each other and how are they connected to profitability of a bank? What is a bank’s risk appetite and who decides how much risk should be taken? How do banks identify, measure and manage risks? Why is liquidity risk crucial to a bank’s survival? What do bankers do to ensure that the risks are within the margin of safety ?
What happens when a bank goes bust? Why are banks licenced? What is the purpose of capital adequacy regulations, such as Basel and CRD and their implications for a bank? What are other key banking regulations imposed by the European Union (like the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive, Prudential Requirements, MIFID etc.)? What tools do regulators use to ensure that a bank complies with the regulations?
The bank as a business organisation
How are banks internally organised? What is the role of business, control and treasury departments, and how are they interconnected? What is fund transfer pricing about? What is asset and liability management (ALM)?